Synonyms and Antonyms (Exercise-1)

Synonyms are words with the same or similar meanings. Words that are synonyms are said to be synonymous, and the state of being a synonym is called synonymy. The word comes from Ancient Greek syn (σύν) (“with”) and onoma (ὄνομα) (“name”). An example of synonyms are the words beginand commence. Likewise, if we talk about a long time or an extended timelong and extended become synonyms. In the figurative sense, two words are often said to be synonymous if they have the same connotation:

“a widespread impression that… Hollywood was synonymous with immorality” (Doris Kearns Goodwin)

Synonyms can be any part of speech (such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs or prepositions), as long as both words are the same part of speech. Here are more examples of English synonyms:

  • verb
    • “buy” and “purchase”
  • adjective
    • “big” and “large”
  • adverb
    • “quickly” and “speedily”
  • preposition
    • “on” and “upon”
SYNONYMS  WORD  ANTONYMS 
 Desert, forsake, vacate abandon Reclaim, keep, cherish, hold
Decrease, lessen, mitigate abate amplify, perpetuate, revive
Compress, condense abbreviate expand enlarge, amplify
Shorten, curtail, attenuate,
Kidnap, entice, seize, abduct resume, restore, deliver
Abominate, leather, hate abhor desire, admire, love
Capacity, competency, fitness ability inability, incapability, unfitness
Disown, deny, renounce, abjure pledge (Allegiance), avow
Forswear, retract Acknowledge, vindicate
Renunciation, denial abnegation indulgence, license
Irregular, unnatural, unusual abnormal normal, ordinary, natural,Usual
Expunge, cancel, efface, obliterate abolish Repair, establish, institute,Bear, produce
Detest, loathe, abhor, hate abominate love, like, desire
Overflow, teem, swarm abound vanish, decay, fail, lessen
Steep, sudden, precipitous aborts smooth, gliding, courteous,
Pure, simple, perfect, entire, absolute responsible, condition,
Exonerate, acquit, free, forgive absolve convict, bind, compel, charge
Refrain, forbear abstain exceed, indulge
Plenty, profusion, overflow abundance scarcity, shortage, dearth
Invective, reproach, aspersion(noun) abuse Praise, eulogy, tribute
Slander, reproach, defame abuse praise, eulogize, applaud
Casualty, hazard, mishap accident design, intent, purpose
Quicken, speedup, expedite, hasten                                                      accelerate dissipate, distribute
Admit, receive, take accept reject
Contribute, gather accrue decrease, lessen, dwindle
Impeach, charge, censure accuse exonerate, exculpate, acquit,
Correct, unerring, precise accurate incorrect, inaccurate, inexact
Attain, accomplish, fulfill,
Win, gain, complete achieve fail, miss
Real, authentic, genuine, present actual potential, virtual, implied
Sharp, penetrating, intelligent acute dull, blunt, stupid
Equal, sufficient, effectual adequate inadequate, insufficient,unequal
Stick, cling ,fasten, disengage,Disjoin adhere separate, detach
Close, near, contiguous                               adjacent remote, distant
Regulate, fix, stabilize, align adjustdisorder upse,
Direct, execute, control, superintend administerwithout neglect,
Receive, take, accept admitexpel eject,
Reprove, slide, rebuke, warnAppropriate, choose, assume admonishpraise, approveadoptdrop commend,reject, 

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